CBT is a type of therapy supported by research evidence which has proven to be effective in treating Depression and Anxiety Disorders.1 It can be done individually, in groups, and in families with a trained therapist.
The intent of CBT is to change how individuals see themselves, their world, and their future.1 CBT helps individuals learn to think in more positive ways by helping them identify and evaluate their dysfunctional thoughts and beliefs.
CBT focuses on the way people think (cognitive) and act (behaviour). The idea behind it is how we think affects how we feel (our mood) and how we behave. It is the meaning we give to a situation that affects how we react to it; it is not the actual situation itself. These meanings do not necessarily make sense. These thoughts then cause us to feel and act a certain way (e.g., avoiding a situation) which then reinforces our negative thoughts and the problem continues.
When we give negative meanings or thoughts to many situations problems develop. CBT helps people break this cycle by helping individuals recognize and change negative patterns of thinking which improves their emotional state and their behaviours.1Beck, J.S. (2011). Cognitive Behavior Therapy: Basics and Beyond. (2nd Ed.). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.